Pathways to 2050

Pathways to 2050: Energy and Climate Change builds on the WBCSD’s
2004 Facts and Trends to 2050: Energy and Climate Change and
provides a more detailed overview of potential pathways to reducing
CO2 emissions.
The pathways shown illustrate the scale and complexity of the
change needed, as well as the progress that has to be made through
to 2050. Our “checkpoint” in 2025 gives a measure of this progress
and demonstrates the urgency to act early to shift to a sustainable
emissions trajectory.

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Our Biopolitical Future: Four Scenarios

The four scenarios of the human biopolitical future presented below may help
us think through these issues. They take place over the 15-year period from
2007 through 2021.
A central theme is the tension between libertarian and communitarian values.
Humans evolved with tendencies both to compete and to cooperate, and societies
have varied in the emphasis they give to one tendency or the other. Environmentalists
are familiar with the libertarian/communitarian tension as the

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Pathways to low carbon shipping - Abatement potential towards 2030

In June 2009 DNV issued the fi rst Pathway to Low Carbon Shipping which demonstrated the potential to
reduce the CO2 emission of the existing fl eet by 15% in a cost effi cient manner. In this second Pathway
to Low Carbon Shipping DNV has analysed the projected fl eet in 2030. The study demonstrates that CO2
emissions by 2030 can be reduced by 30% below baseline in a cost-effective way, and by almost 60% if
all the identifi ed measures are included. While there is no single measure which could make it all happen,

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Power Scenarios 2023: Global Scenarios of Electricity Production and Use

The Green Earth scenario is shaped by individual citizens, consumers
and voters. Natural disasters associated with climate change have
shown us that we, the consumers, must do something about the
changing climate. Using natural gas as a transition fuel, we have focused
on renewables such as wind and solar power. The world economy grows
at a modest sustainable pace and the geopolitical situation is stable. We

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Global Innovation Outlook 2.0

We begin each GIO cycle by identifying several broad focus areas critical to society, and then consider specific opportunities for innovation and advancement—in the realm of products, services, business processes and models, policy, culture and beyond.
The focus areas for GIO 2.0 were:
1. The Future of the Enterprise, p.15
If the Industrial Age is in fact giving way to the Knowledge Age,
what are the new foundational structures and organizing
principles that will characterize institutions in this era? How

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Global Innovation Outlook 2004

FIRST, extend the integration of our business insight and tech-nology expertise beyond our company’s borders to include the best thinkers from academia, our clients and partners, and other leaders in areas critical to innovation.
SECOND, follow a different path to discovery: begin with several areas critical to society over the next five to ten years, then consider implications for businesses and other integral components of society, finally considering what technologies or solutions might need to be developed.

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Construction IT in 2030: A scenario planning approach

This paper presents a scenario planning effort carried out in order to identify the possible futures
that construction industry and construction IT might face. The paper provides a review of previous research in
the area and introduces the scenario planning approach. It then describes the adopted research methodology.
The driving forces of change and main trends, issues and factors determined by focusing on factors related to

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Developement of PV powered consumer products- using future scenarios

would be worthwhile to advance the application of PV systems in mass produced products. To date this field of application has been explored only to a limited extent. For this reason the developers of consumer products, the industrial designers, might be unaware of the possibilities of product-integrated PV systems [1][2]. Their focus on the utility of consumer products might have an added value to existing R&D of PV technology which emphasizes on increased performance and decreased production cost.

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Energy Revolution: A sustainable world energy outlook

The 2010 Energy
[R]evolution not only includes the financial analysis and employment
calculations in parallel with the basic projections, we have also added
a second, more ambitious Energy [R]evolution scenario. This was
considered vital because rapid improvements in climate science made
it clear during 2009 that a global 50% reduction in energy related
CO2 emissions by 2050 might not be enough to keep the global mean
temperature rise below +2°C. An even greater reduction is needed if
runaway climate change is to be avoided.

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