International Dimensions of Climate Change: Implications for the UK

The following time horizons are considered:
● up to 203015 (medium term), where the uncertainties in the projection of climate change effects
(e.g. changes in temperature and rainfall) are considerably less than those in later decades, and
where greater confidence can be given to the analysis of potential impacts16. On this timescale, the
uncertainty in modelling of global temperature change is lower due to the level of inevitable climate
change; and

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TOURISM 2023: Vision, scenarios and strategy for a sustainable UK outbound travel and tourism industry

We explored how factors like these could lead to very different worlds in 2023, each holding very different futures for the industry. We worked with tourism experts to create four vivid scenarios, and then generate a vision of the sustainable future the industry wants for itself.
Major companies and organisations have now pledged to collaborate to create a commercially sustainable tourism industry by the year 2023 which benefits communities in tourist destinations and protects the environment.

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Will Climate Change Affect Food and Water Security in Russia?

Although societies adapt and evolve along
with their climate, this has been an especially difficult task for Russia because of
its severe and capricious climate. Indeed,
extremes are the norm, and this has always
taxed the ability of Russian agriculture to
produce enough food for its people. While
the soils can be rich, the rains can be
fickle, and large parts of the main agricultural areas have been affected by severe
drought at least once or twice a decade
during the 20th century. Given the severity

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ENERGY FUTURES The role of research and technological development

There are different scientific methods to look to the future in the energy sector, including
mathematical models, expert-based Delphi surveys and the back-casting approach. This
latter is a mix of mathematical and human inputs which looks at how a certain objective
can be attained rather than what is likely to happen in the future.
Whatever the studies used, we see similar messages emerging: in 2050 almost three quarters of the
world’s energy supply will still come from fossil fuels; energy demand and CO2 emissions will more

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Global Europe 2050

We can rise to the Europe 2020 challenges of dealing with an ageing population, securing sustainable
resources, developing clean energy supplies, improving healthcare and combating
climate change – but only if we take effective short, medium and long term action. This is why
the European Commission asked twenty five leading analysts to look into the future and workthrough
a number of scenarios to see where the EU might be in 2050.
Their work, presented in this Global Europe 2050 report, analyses three key scenarios which

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UK Ministry of Defense - Regional Survey - South Asia out to 2040

DCDC’s Strategic Trends Programme aims to provide a detailed analysis of the future
strategic context for defence out to 2040. This will be an essential input into policy and
concept development. Major outputs include:
 trends-based analysis of the future strategic context
 analysing alternative futures, key risks and shocks, including an assessment of
their probability, frequency and magnitude
 identifying how shocks might impact on the future strategic context
identifying broad defence and security implications.

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