ENERGY FUTURES The role of research and technological development

There are different scientific methods to look to the future in the energy sector, including
mathematical models, expert-based Delphi surveys and the back-casting approach. This
latter is a mix of mathematical and human inputs which looks at how a certain objective
can be attained rather than what is likely to happen in the future.
Whatever the studies used, we see similar messages emerging: in 2050 almost three quarters of the
world’s energy supply will still come from fossil fuels; energy demand and CO2 emissions will more

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European Energy and Transport - Scenarios on Key Drivers

The “Scenarios on key drivers” investigate alternative energy futures as distinct from the baseline development that shows the effects of current trends and policies.1 The key drivers concern either different framework conditions for energy and transport policies, such as higher world energy prices, higher or lower economic growth, or they are about different policy approaches on e.g. energy efficiency, renewables, nuclear,modal split in transport and climate change. This publication deals in 9 chapters with these different framework conditions and policy approaches.

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Global Europe 2050

We can rise to the Europe 2020 challenges of dealing with an ageing population, securing sustainable
resources, developing clean energy supplies, improving healthcare and combating
climate change – but only if we take effective short, medium and long term action. This is why
the European Commission asked twenty five leading analysts to look into the future and workthrough
a number of scenarios to see where the EU might be in 2050.
Their work, presented in this Global Europe 2050 report, analyses three key scenarios which

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What might the future hold? Exploring qualitative scenarios for energy and transport in Australia to 2050

The qualitative scenarios draw on factual information and EFF members’ experience and judgment about how the future may come together. The individual scenario narratives are less important than building a better understanding of the environment in which energy organisations and stakeholders will operate. Scenarios allow us to analyse changes in the environment, take new perspectives and develop new understanding. This improved understanding can be used to inform better decisions today and in the future.

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Pure Power: Wind energy targets for 2020 and 2030 (update)

In consultation with its corporate members and
national wind energy associations, EWEA has analysed
the wind energy markets in the 27 EU Member States.
This chapter provides the results of this analysis in the
form of two 2020 scenarios for each national market:
a “low” scenario and a “high” scenario. The “low”
scenario is based on EWEA’s traditionally conservative
approach to setting future targets for wind energy (see
Chapter 4). It assumes a total installed capacity of
wind energy in the EU by 2020 of 230 GW, producing

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