Europe in 2040: three scenarios

In this paper, we explore three scenarios for the future of the European Union, using history and
reasoned imagination as guides. Our three scenarios are rooted in European contemporary
challenges but draw on three ages that have shaped what Europe has become. Scenario 1 harks back
to Antiquity (“the Empty Empire”), scenario 2 to the Middle Age (“Return of the City-states”) and
scenario 3 to the Renaissance (“Renascent Europe”).

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Trends and drivers of change in the EU transport and logistics sector: Scenarios

This report sets out four different scenarios for the European transport and logistics sector. Scenarios depict plausible
hypotheses about the future; thus, they are useful tools for forecasting, analysing and formulating policy, as well as for
strategic planning in private companies and among the social partners. In a rapidly changing and complex world – where
demand and supply change equally fast – planning for the future cannot rely on simple projections of past trends.

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Global Europe 2050

We can rise to the Europe 2020 challenges of dealing with an ageing population, securing sustainable
resources, developing clean energy supplies, improving healthcare and combating
climate change – but only if we take effective short, medium and long term action. This is why
the European Commission asked twenty five leading analysts to look into the future and workthrough
a number of scenarios to see where the EU might be in 2050.
Their work, presented in this Global Europe 2050 report, analyses three key scenarios which

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Counter Currents - Scenarios for the Baltic Sea towards 2030

The scenarios presented here are based on two overarching strategic uncertainties, which
we have called “Governance” and “Ecological Footprint”. These are uncertainties that we
have deemed of the highest strategic importance in terms of their influence on the usage
of and impacts on the Baltic Sea. Thus trends and uncertainties provide the structure for
our exploration of the future.
Through an exploration of these trends on the directions that the Baltic region could go in

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