The BP energy outlook 2030

BP’s annual Energy Outlook contains our projections of future energy trends and factors that could affect them, based on our views of likely economic and population growth and developments in policy and technology. Together with the annual Statistical Review of World Energy, it has become a respected contribution to the global discussion on energy and I am pleased with the feedback we are receiving.

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Energy to 2050 - Scenarios for a sustainable future

With this book, the IEA explores a longer time horizon using two types of
long-term scenarios: "exploratory scenarios" and "normative scenarios".
Exploratory scenarios are based on the correct identification of a few
critical uncertainty factors and are designed to explore several plausible
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Energy to 2050: Scenarios for a Sustainable Future
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Energy to 2050: Scenarios for a Sustainable Future
future configurations of the world, based on different expectations of

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Transport Technologies and Policy Scenarios to 2050

Transport is one of the major global consumers
of energy and therefore has an important role in
meeting the primary objective of the World
Energy Council, sustainable energy for all.
Transport is the only energy sector in which the
energy itself is mobile during consumption,
rather than being delivered for use at a fixed
location. For this reason, energy for transport is
dominated by petroleum, which is widely
available, relatively inexpensive and from which
easily transportable liquid fuels of high energy

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ENERGY FUTURES The role of research and technological development

There are different scientific methods to look to the future in the energy sector, including
mathematical models, expert-based Delphi surveys and the back-casting approach. This
latter is a mix of mathematical and human inputs which looks at how a certain objective
can be attained rather than what is likely to happen in the future.
Whatever the studies used, we see similar messages emerging: in 2050 almost three quarters of the
world’s energy supply will still come from fossil fuels; energy demand and CO2 emissions will more

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