Everyone agrees the world is changing. The question is in which direction? This paper offers an original contribution to the debate on the future shape of the international system. Based on a diagnosis of current developments, it argues that many factors point to the emergence of an ‘interpolar’ world. Interpolarity can be defined as multipolarity in the age of interdependence. The redistribution of power at the global level, leading to a multipolar international system, and deepening interdependence are the two basic dimensions of the transition away from the post-Cold War world.
The World in 2025: How the European Union will need to respond" represents a significant contribution to
the policy-making process of the centre-right in European politics. It is a remarkable piece of work, drawing on the
efforts of a large number of people across the European Ideas Network - the network think-tank sponsored by the
EPP-ED Group to bring together elected political office-holders and advisers, academics, outside experts and
representatives of civil society.
What Ambitions for European Defence in 2020? ran out of print within a month of publication, and many orders for copies were left outstanding. Instead of immediately ordering
a reprint, a slightly revised edition giving all contributors the chance to refresh their
conclusions in the light of the Irish Lisbon Treaty referendum results was decided as a
Perfect bliss or divine retribution? – Nirvana or Nemesis? What lies ahead for the world of European real estate over the next couple of decades? Various strands are being woven across the tapestry that portrays the future picture of property towards 2020. These include the:
• concept of sustainability;
• movement towards corporate social responsibility;
• search for an improved quality of life;
• further internationalisation of markets;
• inexorable march of the information revolution;
• growth of ethical investment;
The “Scenarios on key drivers” investigate alternative energy futures as distinct from the baseline development that shows the effects of current trends and policies.1 The key drivers concern either different framework conditions for energy and transport policies, such as higher world energy prices, higher or lower economic growth, or they are about different policy approaches on e.g. energy efficiency, renewables, nuclear,modal split in transport and climate change. This publication deals in 9 chapters with these different framework conditions and policy approaches.
In this paper, we explore three scenarios for the future of the European Union, using history and
reasoned imagination as guides. Our three scenarios are rooted in European contemporary
challenges but draw on three ages that have shaped what Europe has become. Scenario 1 harks back
to Antiquity (“the Empty Empire”), scenario 2 to the Middle Age (“Return of the City-states”) and
scenario 3 to the Renaissance (“Renascent Europe”).
Secretariat as part of its ongoing project on the future of higher education. The University
We can rise to the Europe 2020 challenges of dealing with an ageing population, securing sustainable
resources, developing clean energy supplies, improving healthcare and combating
climate change – but only if we take effective short, medium and long term action. This is why
the European Commission asked twenty five leading analysts to look into the future and workthrough
a number of scenarios to see where the EU might be in 2050.
Their work, presented in this Global Europe 2050 report, analyses three key scenarios which
Europe’s leaders see the need for “more
Europe” to deal with the euro crisis but do
not know how to persuade their citizens,
markets, parliaments or courts to accept
it. This is the root of Europe’s political
crisis: the necessity and impossibility of
integration. European integration has been
defined by two contradictory but mutually
reinforcing forces that operate on both the
European and national level: technocracy
and populism. But the more technocratic the
EU has become, the more it has provoked a
Four main drivers appear to determine the future of European TCL industries: global competition, the extension
of the knowledge base, market changes, and environmental aspects. Using these drivers, three alternative
scenarios were developed by this study:
• Scenario 1 called “Globalisation limited” sees considerable effects from climate change. Rising environmental
costs will change the system of global trade and set new priorities for consumers, governments
and producers. TCL industries will become more European or even regional under these conditions.